Drugs and Crime , Victimology

All discussions are to be one page a piece there are 7 questions please answer the questions and move on.

CCJS 352

WEEK 5 Discussion Question

There are four major activities in drug law enforcement:

1. Source Control – activities targeting cultivation, manufacturing and production of controlled dangerous substances in foreign countries
2. Interdiction – preventing the successful smuggling of controlled dangerous substances into the United States. This focuses on the smuggling methods of sea, air and land which includes aircraft, vessels, personnel (body carry, swallowing) and parcel shipments among others.
3. Street-level enforcement – undercover and informant driven investigations targeting the retail sales level of drug trafficking. The text identified the following tactics:
1. Reversals – Undercover operations where law enforcement poses as drug traffickers
2. Controlled buy – Undercover operations where confidential informants are used to may purchases of contraband under the direct supervision and direction of a law enforcement investigator
3. Undercover buy – Direct purchase of controlled dangerous substances by the undercover officer from the target
4. Knock and Talk – overt investigational tactic where fully identified law enforcement makes contact with individuals at a location, usually a residence, and consent to search the residence is obtained
4. Correctional system – this could also be described as prosecution or courts. Once the defendants are in the correctional system, they have been convicted. The federal penalties for drug trafficking are often times much higher at the federal level as opposed to the state. Also, the effectiveness of federal prosecutions is usually much higher in the areas with the drug trafficking activity.
These areas of drug enforcement are all challenging and important tactics in the criminal justice approach to the drug issue. Of the four tactics: source control, interdiction and corrections occur primarily in the federal arena (although some state jurisdictions can effectively prosecute cases, federal prosecutions are much more effective). For members of the community, drug enforcement means the buy-busts (controlled and undercover operations), search warrants and reversals that provide the greatest impact to our quality of life.

For this discussion question, please address the following:

How do the different levels of the criminal justice system (federal, state and local) interface to accomplish these “street level enforcement” objectives? Give examples of how this would work and please search the library database, internet NEWS sources or web sites for criminal justice agencies (hint: DEA is a good one!) to provide examples to support your position. Be sure to cite your sources.

Week 6 Discussion


We have studied the continuing impact of opioid overdoses that are devastating to our communities. Criminal Justice entities continue to be innovative in their response to this crisis. A particularly interesting new tool that recently rolled out in this endeavor is the ODMAP – Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (http://www.odmap.org/). ODMAP is capable of providing, “near real-time suspected overdose surveillance data across jurisdictions” (ODMAP, 2020).

For this week’s discussion question go to the ODMAP website (http://www.odmap.org/) and review the information contained in the site. Use the site to answer the following questions:

Who was involved in the development of ODMAP and how was is created?

What is the overall objective of ODMAP and how would achieving that objective benefit law enforcement efforts to disrupt trafficking of opioids?

Using the website, review the participating agencies of the below listed counties. Choose ONE of the counties and list one participating agency from each discipline (for example, if there are multiple police departments involved in that county, only list one of them.) Examples of disciplines are health department, fire department, police department, coroner’s office, state agencies, federal agencies, city or county agencies, etc. Then describe how each agency would be expected to respond to data indicating a spike in opioid related overdose deaths impacting the jurisdiction that they serve.

Los Angeles County, California
Broward County, Florida
Cook County, Illinois
Prince George’s County, Maryland

For this discussion question, please examine the attached chart and answer the following:

What are the two drug types currently responsible for the most overdose deaths in Maryland?

From our studies, explain the similarities between these two drug types (specifically explain how they affect users and how addiction to and withdrawal from these drugs are related.)
Currently in Maryland, the overdose death rate for heroin is approximately 150% of the rate for prescription opioids. Present a theory for why this has occurred and what possible decision by drug users drove the trend in overdose death rates for these two drug types.
MD OD Rate 2014

Week 7 Discussion

Discuss the potential impact that legalizing marijuana has had on the societal perception of legalizing heroin and cocaine. Also discuss potential socio- political consequences of legalizing these substances. Be sure to use a minimum of two resources to support your thoughts.

Week 8 Discussion

For this discussion:

1. Choose a Country that exports illegal drugs.

2. Describe the methods in which that county exports illegal drugs into the United States

3. Describe the US efforts in eradicating the importation of such illegal drugs

CCJS360 class Discussion One Page a piece please

Week 6: Crimes Against Marginalized Populations

Regarding victims who are immigrants and victims identifying as LGBTQ:
1. What are some special challenges for these populations in both reporting to law enforcement and accessing victim resources?

2. Can you list and describe ways in which programs could/or are attempting to improve the criminal justice system for these populations?

3. Why do you think accounts for the US having a high homicide rate? How can we do better?

4. What about these trends surprised you?

Week 7: Campus Crimes

School and Campus Violence (answer at least 2 of the following):
After reading the Campus Violence White Paper, answer 2 of the following:
1. How does college athletics contribute to campus violence?

2. List four contributors to violence against women on college campuses?

3. Why do you think women who are sexually assaulted on campuses face more barriers to reporting the assault?

4. Why do you think acts of violence on college campuses are so underreported? What can be done to change this?

Week 8: The Media and Other Special Topics in Victimology

Responsibility of the Media (answer two or more of the following):
1. What are the major things journalists should do when interviewing a victim?

2. How can journalism affect the community?

3. Provide examples of things journalists should not say or write.

4. Reporters, especially those covering crime and tragedy, often experience vicarious victimization or post-traumatic stress disorder. What are some solutions to ensure that reporters can do their job well without sacrificing the needs of the victim?

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