Australia’s childhood immunisation rates have increased since the introduction of the Maternity Immunisation Allowance in 1997. Figure 1, above, shows an increase in the rates of vaccination in Australia for Polio (Pol3), Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MCV) and Diphtheria (DTP3), amongst 1-year-olds between 1995 and 2007, to above the 90% considered necessary for ‘herd immunity’ (Economist, 2012). It can be seen that, after a steady rise in rates from 1995 to 1999, the rates have been at the same levels since then till 2007. Figure 2, below, compares Australia’s recent vaccination rates of 2-year-olds with the United Kingdom, United States and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) average. Australia’s immunisation rates currently sit near or above the rates in the UK and US, nations with similar cultures but varying health systems, and are mostly close to the OECD averages for Pertussis, Measles and Hepatitis B.
Your writing style needs to be clear and efficient . Some key advice would be:
- remember structure in writing: introduce, discuss and conclude
- use short sentences – long sentences lose the reader
- one argument/idea per paragraph
- but be careful how you think about one argument/idea – a paragraph stretching over two pages is NOT acceptable so look for natural breaks, sub-arguments/ideas
nor will a paragraph with only one or two sentences look right, so think about how to combine some points….
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Bagby Copy Company is a worldwide producer of copy machines. It manufactures 10 different copiers, ranging from low-end desktop copiers that sell for a few hundred dollars to high-volume document machines that retail for over $200,000. Each copier machine requires a wiring bundle. Each bundle contains several hundred wires and connectors that provide circuits connecting the paper-flow units, scanner, and photoreceptor to the internal computer logic. The wire harness is plugged into various components during the assembly process. It is possible to assign each major task in this process to different employees. For example, a given employee might focus on one of the many connectors or on testing the completed wire harness. Alternatively, one individual might be assigned the task of producing and testing a completed harness.
In either case, there is a group of employees that is assigned individual tasks to produce a wire harness for a particular copier. In total, there are 10 subgroups of wire harness makers. One alternative is to place all 10 groups in one wire harness department. Another alternative is each of these 10 subgroups can be assigned to and report to a manager for a particular copier. Bagby operates in five European countries. Currently, it has separate sub units in each country, where a country manager handles the manufacturing and marketing of all 10 copiers. The company is considering two alternative. One would be to organize it foreign operations around products. In this case, there would be 10 international product managers with decision rights for managing the manufacturing and sale of a particular copier throughout Europe. The company also is considering a matrix organization, organized around product and country.
- What are the trade-offs that Bagby faces in choosing between specialized and broad task assignment?
- What are the trade-offs between these two methods of grouping wire harness makers into subgroups?
- What are the trade-offs does Bagby face in choosing among the country, product, and matrix forms of organizing its international operations?
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