I would like a 2700 word answer on the question I have provided. Everything you research must be on uk law. All work must be referenced in oscola style. I have attached you a level 7 grade marking which is the sheet my tutor will use to give me a grade. You will need to try and get the top mark, so look at the top band. Also when you are writing this can you highlight where you have done the top band work for example critical analysis etc. I will attach a PowerPoint and some information sheet which is in relation to the question to give you a guidance on the writing. They’re is a document called question housing. You will find the question you must answer on there alongside a little marking criteria which shows you how you must write up the work. If you have any question please message before starting.
You need to log into to my blackboard please to access the test questions ,modules and discussion board. This is a test
google cuny blackboard to login will be available to the assigned writer
This test covers the second half of the course – modules 7-12. It has a slightly different format than the previous test. There are 10 short answer questions, each worth 12 points and one final question that asks you which was your favorite module, worth 5 points.
The test questions largely ask you to draw on main themes from the readings, often similar to the discussion questions. Therefore, the discussion questions can serve as somewhat of a guide in your studying. You need to remember, though, in your responses that you should reference the readings. You don’t need to quote from the readings but your answers should be based on the readings and not just your opinion.
If you have any questions, let me know!
The overall dissertation is on the Obligation to decolonize. I want to look into whether the Great Britain has actually followed this obligation to decolonize – this chapter is specifically on whether the Great Britain has followed this obligation and what lessons we can learn from whether or not they have followed. My first chapter is going to be on what the obligation to decolonize is and the final section is the effects of whatever the results of section 2 are. The referencing system is OSCOLA, this is for a LLB dissertation in the UK based on Uk English. My difficulty is writing I can’t get ideas into words, so I have been looking at John Darwin – Britain and decolonization and M. E. chamberlain decolonization, I have been struggling to find much about whether Great Britain has decolonized the Caribbean – I want a little focus on that as I know that the UK lasts colonies are there and I want to know the significance of that. But that would be ok if you cannot find anything. I will send over every single thing that I have been able to grab. Thank you so much
Using the internet and Library, locate an industry organization’s code of ethics. For example, the American Marketing Association, American Psychological Association, and the American Medical Association all have extensive codes of ethics. An excellent source is the Ethics Code Collection. Once you have located and examined the code, summarize the main points of the code. Provide an example of an ethical decision or issue that may arise in your profession. Explain how the code of ethics could be used to provide guidance regarding the decision or issue. Conclude your paper with an explanation regarding the importance and benefits of codes of ethics.
PART I: Terms, Concepts, Examples and Definitions
Within each lettered section (A through D, below), match the terms in the word bank with the descriiptions that follow. The terms are in alphabetical order. No term will be used more than once. Some terms, however, will not be used at all.
A. TYPES AND PURPOSES OF EVIDENCE
Real or Physical Evidence
1. The knife, club and icepick found in Jeff MacDonald’s back yard, and thought to have been the weapons used to murder his family are examples of this kind of evidence.
2. Taking this makes a witness’ testimony “subject to the penalties of perjury,” and is one of the two main methods used to encourage witnesses to tell the truth.
3. The large map of the MacDonald house, created and used by the prosecution to show the jury where the blood of each victim and the blood of the defendant were found is an example of this kind of evidence. (Again, you don’t need to know the specifics of the MacDonald case to answer this question. What type of evidence would a map of a crime scene be, as a general rule?)
4. Testimony of this kind of witness is necessary to explain forensic evidence to a jury of lay persons.
5. Testimony from this kind of witness is usually direct evidence that can have a strong impact on juries, but that can also be subject to problems caused by faulty identification procedures and mistakes inherent in the memory process.
B. Pretrial and Trial Procedures
Challenge for Cause
Motion for Judgment of Acquittal
6. Prosecutors and Defense attorneys can use a limited number of these during jury selection to “strike” potential jurors for any reason other than race or sex.
7. This is a court hearing where the charges are formally read, and where the defendant is assigned an attorney and enters an initial plea.
8. The Constitutional provision prohibiting this means that the prosecution may not appeal after a defendant is found not guilty, even if it’s clear that the defendant committed a serious crime, and that the jury made a mistake.
9. This is the standard of proof needed to move beyond the initial stages of arrest toward trial: enough proof to establish, in the mind of a reasonably prudent person, that a specific crime was committed, and that the defendant likely committed it.
10. The ability to post this allows a defendant to remain free before and during trial, and is one factor that correlates positively with the likelihood of an acquittal.
C. Evidentiary Rules
Chain of Custody
11. Objection made when the opposing side proffers evidence that is not logically related to the issues at trial.
12. Objection made when the opposing side asks their own witness a question that, by its terms, suggests the desired answer.
13. The death of this young woman, at the hands of an obsessed college student who had previously sought help from his University’s counseling center led to a now clearly established rule that privileged communications must yield in cases where a client or patient is threatening a future crime of violence.
14. Testimony designed to show how physical and scientific evidence got from the crime scene to the courtroom: with stops for professional analysis but without undue planting or tampering.
15. Objection made when the opposing side proffers evidence in the form of out of court statements, introduced in order to prove the truth of the matter stated.
D. Constitutional Criminal Procedure
Fruit of the Poisonous Tree
Reasonable Articulable Suspicion
Proof Beyond Reasonable Doubt
16. The U.S. Supreme Court made this doctrine applicable nationwide in Mapp v.Ohio, as a means of forcing police either to respect the 4th, 5th and 6th amendment rights of suspects, or to risk losing the ability to present the evidence they gathered against those those suspects at trial.
17. This doctrine allows police to gather and to use evidence they can see from a place where they have a legal right to be.
18. Police officers who are making an arrest can simultaneously make this kind of search, for their own safety (to prevent the arrested person from gaining access to a weapon).
19. The 4th amendment’s prohibition of this kind of warrant means that search warrants must specify the person who is the target of the search, the area to be searched, the objects of the search, and the timespan when the search can be made.
20. This standard of proof, which falls short of probable cause, allows an officer to stop a suspect and to ask questions; and often leads to a frisk or patdown designed to insure the officer’s safety.
II. HYPOTHETICAL PROBLEMS
A. Please answer each question and explain your answer.
1. Robert, a Catholic, admits to his priest during confession, that he is spying on the United States and is regularly delivering sensitive information to Russian agents. Prosecutors introduce evidence that the information Robert stole and passed along led to the deaths of several American agents who were working inside Russia. May the priest be called by the prosecutors to testify against Robert at trial?
2. Matilda and Mario, husband and wife, are charged with abusing their two young children, who are found chained to a bed inside the family home: bruised, dirty, cold and hungry. Prosecutors offer immunity to Mario: the parent they think is less culpable, in exchange for his testimony against Matilda. At trial, Mario refuses to testify, on that ground that he loves Matilda and doesn’t want to do anything that could result in prison time for her. You are the judge. How do you rule on Mario’s objection?
3. Randall has been accused of a bank robbery that occurred at 3 p.m. on a certain Friday afternoon. Police have video of the robber, and he looks a lot like Randall, who has done time for several previous thefts. Randall has an alibi defense. He argues that he was working at the local Costco store on the day of the robbery. None of his co-workers can remember, specifically, whether Randall was there that day or not. Randall’s attorney seeks to enter Costco’s payroll records, which show that Randall was paid for 8 hours of work, from 9 to 5, on the day in questions. The prosecutors object on hearsay grounds. You are Randalls’ attorney. Which exception to the hearsay rule should you cite to get these records into evidence?
4. Use the same facts presented in Question 3, above. Assume that prosecutors, who feel the case slipping away from them after the Costco records are introduced, try to introduce another kind of reliable record. They seek to admit a certified copy of Randall’s prison record, showing the times he served for his previous criminal convictions. You are the judge. Will you allow the prosecutors to show the prison records to the jury?
5. Judge Mencer is presiding over a murder trial. During a break in the proceedings, the Judge enters a public restroom, where he overhears one witness tell another that the defendant, David Dupe. was “being framed,” and that “Nasty Nate is the one who really did it.” When court resumes, the Judge leaves the bench, takes the stand, swears himself in, and begins to tell the jury what he overheard in the restroom. You are the prosecutor. After you recover from your astonishment, what objection will you make?
B. Each of the following four situations involves a warrant-less search. The last problem involves a search based on a defective warrant. Assume you are an assistant prosecutor working with the police officers involved. Make the best argument you can to show why the evidence found in each case should be admissible.
6. Defendant is a suspect in the murder of his wife. He voluntarily visits the police station, where police notice that he appears to have blood and hair under his fingernails. Defendant notices that the police are looking at his hands! Police perform an immediate warrant-less search: during which they preserve the material under the defendant’s nails. The material turns out to match the wife’s DNA. Defendant is arrested.
7. Police are chasing a robbery suspect who attempts to run away from them through his neighbor’s apartment. As police run through, they notice that the neighbor is busily weighing and bagging drugs at his kitchen table. The neighbor is arrested (without any arrest or search warrant).
8. Federal agents are investigating someone they suspect of printing counterfeit money. They don’t have enough evidence to get a warrant (no probable cause), so they decide to stake out the defendant’s home: hoping to learn a little more. As they watch, the defendant rolls his trash barrels out to the curb (it being garbage collection day in his neighborhood), and drives away. The agents check inside the garbage cans, and find crumpled, cut and rolled up paper that looks a lot like fake bills that were not printed all that well. Police use this evidence (which was acquired without a search warrant) to get an arrest warrant for the defendant.
9. Defendant lives with his grandmother, who allows police (when they ask nicely) to search his bedroom: an area she enters and cleans regularly. Police find drugs under the bed. The evidence is found inside a shoe box. The shoe box is closed, with its cardboard cover on top. It is not, however otherwise marked or secured in any way.Defendant is arrested based on the evidence found inside the shoe box.
10. Police are directed to serve and implement an arrest warrant at 3013 Icebrook Way. They do so, and find illegal guns, drugs and lots of cash. They later learn that the warrant given to them had been issued by a magistrate for home located at 3031 Icebrook Way. The numbers in the address had been accidentally flipped by the court employee who filled out the warrant form. The resident of 3013 Icebrook (for whom no search or arrest warrant was ever issues) has been arrested!
The Cardigan family has made a name for themselves in the sweater industry whereby they have designed sweaters for a variety of uses and for a wide target audience ranging from toddlers to business professionals. Cassandra, whom everyone calls Cassie, is the CEO of CARDWARE Inc., Camoni is the spokesperson for the sweater line, and Candie models the lines in the professional sphere. They often use their mother, Camille, as a business consultant for input about various new ideas and marketing because she was the manager and agent of her son’s glove company. Cora and Caley, Camille’s two youngest daughters from her second failed marriage to Bo Jenkins, are co-office managers of their headquarters located in Silkadonia.
CARDWARE is growing by leaps and bounds. It has now opened 10 new stores nationwide under the name “The Sporty One.” It has been agreed by the Board of Directors at CARDWARE Inc. that each store shall have a general manager and assistant manager who both were to act as sales persons and one additional sales person. The slogan the store advertises its sports ware with is “You don’t have to be an athlete to look and feel like one.” The current sports ware that “The Sporty One” carries shows a clothing distribution of 60% for females and 40% of its line is for males. However, it would eventually like for it to be a 50/50 distribution. The Cardigans research has demonstrated that the trend has been more female than male shoppers. Further, following the marketing theory of many high end clothing stores, CARDWARE prefers slender, young employees to work for it, so that the clothing line can keep with the image of being sporty.
Petunia Rotunda, a middle aged, slightly plump woman saw an ad online for a salesperson for The Sporty One and applied for the position. The ad read as follows:
WANTED: Salesperson experienced in retail sales or marketing preferred, energetic, youthful, athletic, and able to “sport” the clothing lines of The Sporty One with style. The Sporty One is a division of CARDWARE Inc. and proud to be an Equal Opportunity Employer.
Petunia has had 5 years of retail experience working in a garden shop that did have some flannel shirts and aprons as well as gardening gloves for sale. Noah Dahl, a college graduate in marketing also saw the ad and applied for the salesperson position at The Sporty One. Noah, a slender racquetball player has not had any retail experience but has had customer service experience for an online gaming company.
After interviewing both applicants, CARDWARE’s General Manager, Chloe, one of the cousins of the Cardigan clan has decided to hire Noah. Petunia was outraged claiming that she should have been hired and that she has been discriminated against based on her age. CARDWARE contends that Noah was more qualified as per the advertisement as well as company image and future plans for the company; age had nothing to do with it.
Noah began work the following week. Still angry, Petunia visited The Sporty One. She began to harass Noah to the point where other customers started to leave the store. Having had enough insults, Noah grabbed Petunia by the arm and shoved her towards the door. She stumbled and ran into one of the clothing racks and thereafter knocked over 92-year-old Hetty Whitestone who was passing by the mall store. Hetty suffered a concussion and died.
Using the above facts given, please label with headings and discuss the following in this order:
Did CARDWARE have genuine BFOQs (Bona Fide Occupational Job Qualifications) in its ad?
Do not forget to review the company’s slogan as given in the above facts.
Be sure to discuss Petunia’s point of view as well as CARDWARE’s position and defenses.
Use legal authority to support your position as well.
If Petunia brings a lawsuit based on negligence against CARDWARE and The Sporty One, will CARDWARE be responsible for Noah’s behavior? If so, under what theory?
What defenses might CARDWARE assert?
If Hetty Whitestone’s estate claims that CARDWARE should be responsible for Hetty’s death, will it?
What defenses might CARDWARE utilize?
For each fact pattern, specify the essential legal issue(s) involved, describe the legal concepts from the text, decide which side should win, and explain your reasoning and how you used the legal concepts to arrive at your decision. See the Case Analysis Instructions for further information about completing this assignment.
1. Brian Short v. State of Florida
Brian and Jennifer were in love. They had been high school sweethearts, and they planned to get married when they both graduated from Saint Leo University. However, there was one problem: Brian and Jennifer were both very short. Each stood less than five feet tall. The state of Florida had recently passed a law that prohibited two very short people from marrying. In defense of the law, the state asserted that in order to maintain dominance with the state university athletic programs (e.g. Gator football and basketball, Seminole football), the state had a legitimate interest in making sure that the children born in Florida would be as tall as possible. After all, football brings in so much money to the universities, which allows less financial strain on the state to support them. Further, bigger children are less likely to fall into small holes, and seat belts can fit them better; thus, this law would protect all the children of the state. This law was titled “Maintaining the size of our children” law. Brian and Jennifer have sued the state, claiming that the law is unconstitutional.
2. Michael v. University
Michael pulled an “all-nighter” studying for an important exam. He was exhausted the next day, and during the exam, performed “head-rotations” to loosen his cramped neck muscles. Dr. Pickett, who was proctoring the exam, saw him stretching and thought he was looking at the answer sheet of the student setting next to him. She took his exam and dismissed him from the classroom. She also told him that because of his cheating, he would automatically fail the class. The next day, Michael discovered that he had been dismissed from the University with no tuition refunds and that his transcripts had been deleted. Michael is suing the University claiming that the University’s actions were unconstitutional and asking to be reinstated and to continue his education without penalty.
3. Taylor Lautner v. Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift was living in the same house with Taylor Lautner for three years. During that time, they both pursued independent acting and music careers, and each earned substantial income. They were as much in love as can be and shared many good times. They never pooled their financial resources into one account, and each paid their own expenses except for the rent, which they split down the middle. By mutual consent, they agreed that they had fallen out of love and were each interested in pursuing other relationships. After a short time, Mr. Lautner’s acting roles dried up. He is now suing Ms. Swift for half of everything she earned while they were cohabitating together.
we will argue whether the World Court should recognize animal rights and ban all animal testing. I am against animal testing. The country I had chosen was Switzerland.
Write a 7-10-page double spaced research paper on how the country of your choice deals with animal rights and animal testing. The paper must address the following issues and must be structured in the following manner:
Basic information about the country’s history, geography, people.
Type of legal system (civil, common, etc.) and its main characteristics in terms of history, features and institutions.
Legal regulation of animal rights and testing: allowed or not, specific legal provisions on the matter, recent cases and any constitutional challenges related to it.
How does society view animal testing and rights? What kind of religious system is there in place, and what does it say on these issues, if anything? Is there currently controversy on the topic, what are the sides and what are their arguments?
Based on all this information, you as the lawyer for country X briefly make your argument for/against animal testing and rights on behalf of country X, particularly focusing on the two questions raised above. Arguments do not need to be rooted in legal technicalities. Any argument that is persuasive from a philosophical, theoretical, conceptual or practical standpoint can be made.
Meet with your team to prepare the team arguments for your side of the case.
Prepare your oral argument based on the written paper. You will have 3-5 minutes to present your case before the court. You will also need to be prepared to answer questions from the justices and the opposite team.
Make sure everything is cited.
This assignment is designed to provide context for the study of gangs by becoming familiar with the appearance, growth or decline of gangs within your local community and state. What is the view of governmental, school and social agencies on the trends locally? Check local newspapers and news reports related to the topic. You are required to research local trends through Interviews (phone or in person) and by obtaining statistics related to this issue. If your area, according to local officials, is not experiencing gang development, include that information in your report. Click the links below to view the guidelines and assessment rubric. 1. Research Starting with local school and law enforcement, court or social agencies, research statistics on the number, characteristics and trends in gangs in the local area. Inquire about state statistics. Ask for suggestions for additional contacts and information. Introduce and explain the nature and purpose of your inquiry. Give the name of the University and the course. Make note of names, titles, dates of phone or in person interviews to include in page one of your Report. Using online resources (see Recommended Web Links) to locate national, state and local resources for statistics and information and programs. Ask local law enforcement and community agencies for sources for this and future activities. Make note of all necessary and relevant information citing for references. 2. Write a 3-4 Pages Report Prepare a report on your process (resources, approach, search terms) and your findings, using appropriate references (APA Style). Part I (1 page) will discuss your process, how you went about finding the information. What resources did you use? With whom did you speak? What online sources did you use and how did you find them (search terms, search engine used, search terms used to narrow your search, and the URL of sample sites and information located)? Include questions and responses used in interviews. Part II (2 to 3 pages) will present your findings, appropriately analyzed and referenced (APA Style). Include growth trends and support for your position.
In 750 to 1100 words (3 to 4 pages), thoroughly examine each of the following topics. Be sure to use APA style and properly cite and reference your sources, whether from the textbook, supplemental material, or outside research. To organize your document, use short headings (3 to 5 words) representative of the question you are answering. Each response should be a minimum of half a page in length. Sketch the history of the juvenile court, probation, juvenile confinement, and aftercare. You might find the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice (2018) material to be helpful. Eight historical themes of juvenile justice were presented in your textbook. Select one theme and explain why it is the most important theme for the current juvenile justice system. Support your statement with at least one professional source, not including the textbook, written within the past five years. Describe the philosophical positions of each of the four juvenile justice correctional models. Next, select one model and argue for the model as being the best model for the United States. Support your statement with at least one professional source, not including the textbook, written within the past five years. Trace the processing of a juvenile offender beginning with arrest and continuing until expungement. You might find the Kendall (2018) material to be helpful. Compare the Uniform Crime Report and National Crime Victimization Survey. Discuss the purpose, advantages, and limitations of each. Offer two or more recommendations for improving each data source. Support your statement with at least one professional source, not including your textbook, written within the past ten years. You might find the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2014) material to be helpful. Review the information about dimensions of law-violating behaviors and listen to the Deitch video. At what age and under what conditions would you recommend waving a youth to adult court. Explain your response and support your statement with at least one professional source, not including your textbook, written within the past five years.